How common are Fibroids?


Uterine fibroids are very common, affecting up to 50% of women. Not everyone has symptoms, but of those that do they can vary from heavy bleeding, pelvic pressure, difficulty urinating, and difficulty with bowel movements. 

Uterine fibroids, also known as leiomyomas or myomas, are non-cancerous tumors that grow in the uterus. They are made of smooth muscle and fibrous tissue and can range in size from very small to large, weighing several pounds.

Uterine fibroids are common and affect about 20-50% of women of reproductive age. They are more common in African American women and in women who have never given birth.

The exact cause of uterine fibroids is not known, but they are thought to be influenced by hormones such as estrogen and progesterone. Other risk factors for fibroids include obesity, family history, and certain genetic mutations.

Many women with fibroids do not have any symptoms and the fibroids are found during routine gynecological exams. However, symptoms can include heavy or prolonged periods, pelvic pressure or pain, frequent urination, and constipation.

Diagnosis of uterine fibroids is typically made through a pelvic exam, ultrasound, and sometimes an MRI. Treatment options depend on the size, location, and symptoms of the fibroids, as well as the woman’s age, overall health, and plans for pregnancy. Treatment options include medication to control symptoms and shrink fibroids, minimally invasive procedures such as hysteroscopic myomectomy, and surgery such as a myomectomy or hysterectomy.

It’s important to note that not all women with fibroids require treatment and the decision to treat should be made after careful consideration with your healthcare provider. Regular gynecological exams can help detect fibroids early and track their growth over time.